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Sintered NdFeB Magnets
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Sintered NdFeB Magnets

Rare earth Neodymium magnet (NdFeB) is a high performance permanent magnet,
which is by Neodymium Iron, Boron and some other rare earth elements
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Product introduction
Physical Properties
Curve
Magnetic Properties
Flow Chart
Application Field

Rare earth Neodymium magnets (NdFeB) have been available for industrial application since 1984. Neo magnets have extremely high magnetic energy and therefore are used in applications which require high powered magnets, as well as applications where size and weight reduction are of interest or need to be considered. These qualities have made NdFeb magnets preferable over the commonly used larger and less powerful Ferrite magnets.
The main raw materials NdFeB permanent magnets are rare earth metal-Neodymium (Nd) 32%,metal element Iron (Fe) 64% and nonmetal element Boron(B) 1% , and some small amount added Dysprosium (Dy), Terbium(Tb), Cobalt (Co), Niobium(Nb),Gallium (Ga),Aluminum (Al),Copper (Cu) and other elements. Ternary system neodymium permanent materials are of Nd2Fe14B compound as a matrix, its compositions should be similar with the molecular formula of compound Nd2Fe14B, but, when it is proportioning according to the composition of Nd2Fe14B compound, the magnet performances are very low, and even without magnetic, just on the actual magnets, when the content of neodymium and boron are more than on Nd2Fe14B compound, we can get the better permanent magnet performances.
Neodymium magnets can be divided into three main groups:
1.Regular Neodymium
2.High corrosion resistant Neodymium
3.Bonded Neodymium (Isotropic): Manufactured by the injection of plastic material and Neodymium into a mold. This production method yields a very precise magnet which does not require further grinding and does not suffer substantial current loss.
Neo magnets are known for their high temperature resistance, making them durable and functional in temperatures exceeding 200°C. This quality makes them ideal for heavy industry applications. Sintered Neodymium, however, is sensitive to oxidization and can develop corrosion, so magnets are usually coated with Nickel+Copper+Nickel,Nickel+Sn, Zn(galvanization), Epoxy and Passivation for their protection.

Characteristics of Surface Treatment

 

Coating

镀层

Performance

特性

Zn

蓝白锌

Colour Zn

彩锌Cr3+

NiSn

+

NiCuNi

镍铜镍

Epoxy

环氧

Passivation

钝化

Colour

颜色

White

白色

Multicolor

彩色

Silver

银色

Silver

银色

Black

黑色

Silver

银色

Thickness(μm)

厚度(μm)

6-15

6-15

10-30

10-30

10-30

1-5

Pressure Cooker Test

高压炉测试

(120,2atm,100%RH)

>8hr

 

>8hr

>24hr

>24hr

>24hr

 

Salt Spray Test

盐雾试验

(35,5%NaCl,1.2atm)

>24hr

>72hr

>48hr

>48hr

>96hr

 

 

Corresponding parameter set not found, please add it in property template of background

Material charateristics of NdFeB magnet products

 

Item

Inspecting method

Inspecting standard

Magnetic performance

GB/T 13560-2000

GB/T3217-92

Weightlessness rate

Test cases with constant temperature & constant pressure ,96hrs ,

130±2℃(0.27MPa

Normal products :≤50mg/cm2      Low weight-loss products :≤10mg/cm2

Density

Drainage method for measuring

     7.4-7.6g/ cm3

ROHS requirements

Equivalent to use the green purchasing standards CS-K1100 (2 edition) in SANYO

Mechanical performance index

Hardness: 570HV

Fracture toughness 2.5-5 Mpam2

Resistivity150μΩ·cm

Specific heat0.502 Kj· (kg·

Compressive strength780 N/mm2

Thermal conductivity 8.9551 w/m·K

Bending strength 290 Mpa

Thermal expantion coefficient(in vertical orientation direction)

-4.8X10-6K

 


Advantages and Disadvantages of NdFeB Permanent Magnets

1) Is the strongest magnetic of permanent magnets, has the high energy (BH value) and good coercive force.

2) Manufacturing by the the vacuum sintering process, process maturity;small dimensions,have the good performances and prices;

energy (BH value) of NdFeB magnets is more than ten times higher than Ferrites, it is the strongest magnetic materials in the world today, have “magnetic king”reputation.

3) Using the cutting process after sintering,according to the requirements,by the rapid processing, they can be cutted into square,disc.,ring,segment(like tile shape),and so on;

Dimension tolerance is commonly +/-0.05mm,if special request,it can be controlled within 0.05mm range by increasing grinding; If requesting the higher process,

using the fast quenching scales manufacturing Nd-Fe-B binding NdFeB1988,the precision of dimensions can be reached 0.01mm,

but because the organic binder content cause the low energy product,and the much higher cost of forming dies.

4) NdFeB permanent magnets are easy to be rusted/oxided, so their surface should be done eletroplating treatment, such as galvanized(Zn coating),

Nickel+copper+nickel, and so on, generally, it requests more than 48hours in Salt-spray test;also can be passivated treament to slow down its oxidative speed;

if using the vacuum plating aluminum + electrophoresis epoxy resin, it can go through more than 96hours in Salt-spray condition.


Basic Performance Comparison Table of Permanent Magnets

Magnets

BHmaxMGOe

Max.Working Temp.(0C)

Corrosion Resistance

Magnetic Performance

Material  Price

Coercive Force

Processing Charateristics

Composite Index

Sintered NdFeB

26-52

200

C

A+

B-

A+

B+

70

SmCo 2:17

22-30

300

A

A

C-

A

C

64

SmCo 1: 5

16-25

250

A

A-

C

A-

C

62

Bonded NdFeB

5/12

<150

B-

B

C

A+

-

68

AlNiCo

<10

<550

A+

B

B

C-

C

54

Sintered Ferrite

3-4.5

< 350

A

C

A

B-

B

64

Bonded Ferrite

2-3

< 150

A

C

B

B-

-

66

Rubber

0.7/1.6

<85

B

C

B+

C

A

56

 

 

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